As a cosmetologist you will be spending long hours standing, bending, reaching, and repeating the same motions, any repeated activities can cause fatigue and pain in various parts of the body, sometimes even serious pains and injuries develop slowly over a long period of time. . In many cases, health challenges could have been prevented through improved posture. better work habits and proper equipment. A science called ergonomics looks at how you do your work. what body movements, positions, tools, and equipment you should use and the effect all these things have on you and your client’s health and comfort. This growing science is continually developing new tools and equipment to support these health issues while facilitating longer productivity in your salon career,
You need to be aware of the recommendations for preventing problems with the hand. wrist. shoulder. neck, back, foot, and leg. The science of ergonomics provides ideas for designing the space we work in and the equipment we Use so they are easier on the human body. Developing the right habits at the beginning of your training is the best way to get started in the right direction.
Your spine runs from the top of your neck down to your lower back. It is made up of many bones called vertebrae. one below another, between each pair of vertebrae, are joints and discs that give your neck and back flexibility, so they can move.
Discs are flexible because they have a substance – like jelly – inside. Both joints and discs can be hurt if you strain or squeeze them, Prolonged bending or twisting of your body can cause pain in your neck, back, arms or legs, especially if a disc ruptures (the jelly inside leaks out).
Neck and back strain can occur if you as a cosmetologist:
Recommendations to prevent neck and back problems include:
If you stand for a long time. your feet and ankles may swell and you have more risk of getting varicose veins (swollen veins). Also, if any part of your foot is under pressure, you can get calluses or skin irritation at the pressure point. –
Foot and leg problems can occur if you as a cosmetologist:
Recommendations to prevent foot and leg problems include:
1. Don’t stand for long periods of time without sitting. Change positions frequently. Use a stool or movable seat if necessary to rest your feet while you work on a client.
2. Raise your feet on a stool when you take a break.
3. Wear comfortable, rubber-soled shoes with good arch support.
4. Use shock-absorbing inserts inside your shoes.
5. Avoid shoes with high heels or pointed toes. They increase pressure on the toes and jam them into the front of the shoe.
6. Use a cushioned floor mat to reduce the fatigue of standing on a hard floor.
7. Use support hose to reduce leg swelling.
8. Hydraulic chairs for clients should adjust up and down at least five inches,
Most of the muscles that move your hand and fingers are actually in your forearm. These muscles are connected to the hand and fingers by tendons. which are like cords passing through your wrist. Tendonitis occurs when the tendons get inflamed.
The carpal tunnel is a tunnel in the wrist, surrounded by bone and tissue. A nerve and several tendons pass through this tunnel. If you have tendonitis, the tendons swell and the nerve in the tunnel gets pinched. This condition. called carpal tunnel syndrome. can make your hand numb and weak.
The main causes of tendonitis and carpal tunnel syndrome are:
You may bend your wrist a lot or use forceful pinching or gripping motions when you:
Recommendations to prevent hand and wrist problems include:
Your shoulder has muscles and tendons. It also has bursa, which are sacs filled with fluid. If you strain your shoulder, you can get muscle aches, tendonitis, or bursitis. It’s easy to strain your shoulder if you often hold your arm stretched away from your body or if you often hold your arm up, with your elbow above shoulder height.
You may strain your shoulder when you:
Recommendations to prevent shoulder problems include: